Washing Machine: Types, Uses and Guideline

Washing Machine

Washing machine is also called a laundry machine, clothes washer, or washer). This is the home appliance used to wash the laundry. The term is most widely used to refer to the machine that use water as opposed to dry cleaning (which uses alternative cleaning fluids and is carried out by professional companies) or ultrasonic cleaners.

The washing machine is a machine used to wash the various types of clothes without applying any physical efforts. With a washing machine, you don’t have to rub the clothes with your hand or squeeze to remove the water.

The washing machine helps you to wash dirty clothes automatically without having to supervise the process. Everything you need to do is put your clothes in the machine and choose the washing mode.

The washing machine automatically absorbs the amount of water and detergent required, and can also automatically sets the timer for all process of cleaning like washing, rinsing and drying as per the model chosen and the number of clothes.

Types of washing machine based on place of loading

There are two types of washing machines. Based on the place of loading the clothes in the washing machine: top loading and front loading of the washing machine. Both of these were listed below:

  1. Top-loading washing machine: the clothes are loaded from the top of the washing machine in this type of washing machine. This washing machine is more popularly used in many parts of the world than the front-loading washing machine.
  2. Front loading washing machine: Dirty Laundry is loaded from the front side of the machine. Researches have shown that front-loading washing machines use less electrical energy, water and detergent and also yield better washing results compared to the top-loading washing machine.

In the European markets, the market share of front-loading washing machines is 90%, whereas the top-loading of washing machines is 10%. On the other hand, the US has a market share of 65 per cent for top loading and 35 per cent for front-loading washing machines.

Types of washing machine based on the automatic feature

Let us see the descriptions of the two of them:

1) Semi-automatic washing machine

This type of washing machine has separate washer and dryer. Two separate timers allow washing and drying times to be scheduled. To wash your clothes, you have to put your clothes in the washer, put an appropriate quantity of water and detergent, and then set the timer.

After the time specified, the washing machine will stop. You can remove clothes and dry them in the sun, or you can partially dry them with the drier.

2) Fully automated unit

In a fully automatic washing machine, there is only one opening to be used as a washer, a rinser and a dryer. Depending on the number of clothes or the weight of the clothes, the unit automatically takes an appropriate amount of water and detergent and sets the timer to wash and dry automatically.

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You have to attach a water connection, place the detergent in its storage space from time to time, and put in the clothing. The fully automated washing machine carries out the rest of the process automatically.

Uses of the washing machine

Washing Machine

With the advent of technology, washing clothes has been made simpler and simpler. The invention of the washing machine has helped to minimize the amount of manual labour expended on cleaning clothing, either domestically or commercially.

They also save time when cleaning clothes and save water usage compared to manual washing. Here are the different applications of washing machines.

Commercial Use

Commercial washing machines are used more often than the domestic washing machine and since they are open to the general public use it is important to buy the types designed for this purpose.

Before you make any purchase, consider the reliability and efficiency of these devices instead of their design. When you select models of washing machines such as Kenmore 41302, you can find some main features in them that perform unique load tasks.

Some of the important features associated with these machines include their heavy and bulky nature, and their expensive stainless steel design to prevent corrosion in moist environments. 

Additionally, these machines have sizeable easy-to-open service covers installed in long rows with a full access passageway behind them. This allows maintenance without moving the heavy machines to prevent any damages that might occur during the movements.

Some of the commonly used commercial washing machines are; 

Laundromat machines 

These machines are usually installed in public areas for the community to access them easily. Laundromat machines are operated by devices that accept money as the card readers for the public conveniences.

Some of the common features of the commercial Laundromat washer include two or three basic wash programs with an opportunity to select wash cycle temperatures.

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Horizontal-axis front-loading models are some of the commonly used laundromat machines due to their cost-effectiveness in terms of their operating costs.

Industrial washers

Contrary to the domestic washing machine, the industrial washers have an automatic injection option of different chemical types to reduce the change time of measuring soap products and fabric softeners at different stages of washing.

They also allow the user to control the various wash and rinse cycles through programming custom washing cycles. Besides, they can be mounted on heavy-duty shock absorbers and attached to a concrete floor or on hydraulic cylinders.

Environmental Impact of Washing Machines

Considering the increasing cost of repairs comparative to the price of a washing machine has led to a rise in the number of defective machines thrown away, which is harmful to the environment.

Occasionally, it would help if you were inspecting the machine’s dryer vents to ensure they are free from blockages to save energy and prevent fire. Washing machine manufacturers recommend using a rigid venting material rather than the plastic vents that can collapse or cause blockages. 

Washing machines improve efficiency and cleaning standards of clothes both domestically and commercially, saving time and labour required for cleaning of the clothes.

Different washing machine models such as Kenmore 41302 use a specific amount of water, detergent, and energy. These washing machines require to use hot water for the cleaning, which means they consume large amounts of energy either domestically or commercially.

Guidelines for using a washing machine 

Separate colours and pre-treat stains 

When washing separating clothes by colour will help to prevent any colour run disasters; it is advisable to divide your weekly washes into four different piles: delicates, darks whites, and lights.

Before putting any clothes from the pile into the washing machine, check the garments for stains. Pre-treat these with a little detergent before placing in the washer to avoid having to re-wash later.

Check garment care labels

Before placing your clothes in the washing machine, always check the laundry directions on the care label. These will provide guidance on the correct wash cycle and temperature to be set.

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Put delicates in laundry bags

It’s a smart idea to place delicate things such as underwear, tights, silks, and lingerie in laundry bags to prevent them from snagging. You can use your pillowcase if you do not own a laundry bag.

Put detergent in the right place

Always read through the packaging of your detergent to check how to measure and use the product.

Please clean your washing machine.

Daily cleaning is a vital aspect of knowing how to use a washing machine. After all, the washing machine won’t be able to do its job effectively unless it’s clean on its own! To eliminate bad smell from your washing machine, Set the washing machine to a hot cycle and add a cup of white vinegar to sanitize the machine. 

Don’t overwhelm the machine

Clothes jammed into the washing machine won’t be able to shift around enough to clean them properly, so you could end up having to wash them again! Also, do not wash small loads using an excessive amount of water and resources.

Don’t leave anything in your pockets

Check all pockets for items like tissues or plastic toys before putting them in the washing machine. A stray tissue could leave your entire load covered in white fluff! 

Do not put fabric conditioner directly on top of the laundry

Fabric conditioner should not come in direct contact with fabrics, as they can get stained. Consult the manual of the washing machine to locate the right compartment in the detergent drawer for the conditioner to be put in – it is normally labelled with a flower.

Do not use excessive detergent

Excessive amounts of laundry detergent can leave residues on your clothes and will not result in cleaner clothes.

Don’t leave your clothes damp for a long time

Moisture from wet laundry may lead to a mould build-up in your washing machine drum, or even on your laundry. Remove the clothes from the washer as soon as possible after the rinse cycle is over and dry out, wherever you can.

Don’t attempt to patch any serious faults

Only attempt to patch Minor issues with the washing machine, such as a blocked water drain, perhaps something you can do with a little support from your manual washing machine. Do not attempt More serious problems, particularly with regard to plumbing or electrical equipment of your system, should always be referred to a professional.

Happy wash!

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Jennifer Aigbini
I am a language enthusiast, studying Linguistics at the University of Benin, in Nigeria.