The Clouts Fri, 20 Nov 2020 08:49:19 +0000 en-US hourly 1 The Clouts 32 32 185277462 What is Voiceover and Voiceover Acting? Fri, 20 Nov 2020 08:48:26 +0000 VoiceoverWe could enthusiastically place a bet on this: when you ask someone for the definition of a voiceover, most times all you get from those minutes of talking are examples, with radios and movies as power points. The disembodied voices bouncing out of speakers that inform and entertain is pervasive in the media and our […]]]> Voiceover

We could enthusiastically place a bet on this: when you ask someone for the definition of a voiceover, most times all you get from those minutes of talking are examples, with radios and movies as power points.

The disembodied voices bouncing out of speakers that inform and entertain is pervasive in the media and our regular lives; television, shopping malls, train stations, airports, school, government-organized camps. Those informative, engaging voices are voiceovers.

To be more clear cut, a voiceover is a male or female voice recorded, or in some cases, live, for offscreen use. Though popular in its usefulness in film and television, voiceover is also used in other communication media like the telephone service and any other service with informational goals.

For off screen use, it is a production technique, and high-quality equipment are favored in recording them. They are recorded in a professional studio with condenser/unidirectional microphones and a soundproof recording booth to create quality audio content for the media, such as commercials, documentaries, ads, home, or tutorials (DIY, for instance).

A Little History

In 1928, animation legend, Walt Disney was reported to give the first voice over. He receives this credit because his wide audience watched and was later drawn to the life his voice gave to Mickey.

This became the inspiration for future cartoons and production houses; Looney Tunes came one year later. Thus the assumption that Walt Disney was the first person to record a voiceover was prevalent. Influence. However, it has long been proven to be nothing more than a rumor.

Three decades back, in 1900, United States Weather Bureau worker, Reginald Fessenden, reported the weather. Technically, it was the very first voice over. Also an inventor, he developed a similar inspiration as Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, and worked towards inventing wireless communication through the phone.

Before 1960, ship wireless operators, including the US Navy’s had only heard Morse codes on their headphones. But on the Christmas Eve of 1906, they head something new: a man singing Christmas while a violin is playing.

The voice turned out to be that of inventor Reginald Fessenden. He had set up a makeshift studio in his Boston apartment and made a radio broadcast.

It was sent to ships at sea and mostly contained music and Christmas messages. The most important part of the broadcast was the message he dropped himself. It was a speech.

By the 1960s the popularity of animation created a need for talented voices as production companies sought to go into this entertainment goldmine.

Thus voiceovers began as a function of radio; pleasantries—what we know today as shoutouts, forecasts, and seeing that radio was the go-to device for home entertainment, it thrived, the evidence of which is its presence and usage in different industries.

Voiceover types

  • Narrative: Narrative voiceovers, as the tag implies, are useful for storytelling. They follow whatever structure adopted in the script. They follow the trajectory of traditional or postmodern storytelling, with the hook, follow up and reward at the end. The calm, controlled tone of narrative voice overs are convenient for audiobooks, podcasts, ads with an actual storyline (narrative ad).
  • Non-narrative: If the goal is to inform, forecast the weather, this non-narrative approach is favoured.

The difference this type and the former is almost palpable because of the essentials embodied by them; vocal inflexion and tone, and pacing.

Qualities of voiceovers

  • Scripted: Voiceovers have scripts. A script is a guide to the talent which is to say the words it has on it. It dictates, to an extent, the performance of the owner of the voice. Producers or writers and editors write scripts, or they end up doing it as a joint gesture towards the driving force behind the decision to go with a voiceover. In the broadcasting industry, the news reports are written on scripts and reporters and personalities are required to rap into that aid. In TV broadcasting, a script can, however, be rigid and hamper the creativity of the talent.
  • Detached Presence: As mentioned lines above, the voice is disembodied. You don’t know where it’s coming from because it is offscreen.
  • Narrative: Some voiceovers are popular for being narrative

Voice overs in film

Voice over is efficient as a creative storytelling device. It has become, in fact, a film technique that cuts through every genre.

Its purpose is to give exposition where cinematography and/or budget falls short of establishing; narrate, and provide exposure into the character’s mind. It is good for defining clearly, the back story that propels the characters.

Feature films where this technique can be found include; Lord of the Rings, Deadpool, Once Upon a Time In Hollywood, and more recently, The Devil All The Time.

In these movies, through the narration, beats are easily slid into, motives determined, the subtext is given, foreshadowing planted, and even endings.

Voice overs make convenient a spectrum of abilities and techniques in a story that given different circumstances would not have. The power of voiceovers is in communing effectively with the audience, drawing them in like a current to a lone boat.

It is an aspiration if the goal is putting the story into the audience and vice versa. When you think about it, you will realize that there is a challenging number of techniques capable of doing this.

One of such is breaking the fourth wall. The fourth wall is broken when an actor directly addresses the camera, that is, you. It is an invitation that when taken, becomes an initiation into the picture.

However, the fourth wall can not be broken as often as voiceover narration can be used. This will lead to the dreaded cinematic sin, which is telling instead of showing.

A lot of money goes into making movies, screen time being one of the most demanding because of the amount of assistants and personnel and their expensive equipment.

Voice over saves the movie director screen time and is fun to the screenwriter who utilizes it. It saves cost because the director does not have to spend any time or resources showing audience information.

Narration in films is not met without criticism; it has been called a cheap way out of directorial inconveniences. While there is some truth to this, it remains that when voice over is applied with and by skilled hands, it goes from a cheap trick into a transformative plot device.

Types of voiceover in movies

In the film, voiceover narration is over four types namely;

  • First Person
  • Second Person
  • Third Person Limited
  • Third Person Omniscient

Essentials of a good voice over


Many of us have been narcotized by the ubiquity of voiceovers in the media. In order words, many of us take voice over for granted, so much that we do not identify the technicality of the art, or even consider it as one.

Despite this irreverence, you can testify to stopping whatever activity you were engaged with because you wanted to follow the voice through the narrating, instructing, and addressing.

That feeling is you being caught up in the allure of skill and art that is a voiceover. There are elements and essentials that make a voiceover draw you into the world it represents.

Speed and Pacing

There is a pace required for every message communicated, every tone you aspire for, every effect you project to have on your audience.

A good example of a bad attempt at narration is when your excited friend tries to tell you a story with a tongue made fragile and incoherent by the urgency that drives it. You lose focus and catch yourself slipping out the story at intervals.

Another is getting tired of your friend who has talked for minutes. Or has your friend ever laughed at a joke they told and made you wonder if you missed something?

Bad pacing

Pacing is arranging the essence, details of a story or information into a deliberately timed speed. This means speed is timed with pacing. Fast or slow words are deliberately slow to evoke a reaction out of you.

When a voice over is fast, it inspires a sense of passion, urgency, emotion. When it is slow, it is an indication of the severity of a point, sadness, importance, etc.  A voiceover leaning exclusively on any side of this delivery divide is bound to fail due to the monotony.

When it comes to pacing, speech rate matters a lot. It is the speed at which one speaks. It can be calculated, and the index for it is the number of words spoken per minute.

  • Slow is 110 words pm or less
  • Fast is 160 words pm or more
  • Conversational; between 120 and 150 words pm
  • On average, radio hosts speak at 140 to 160 words per minute

In all these, there is pacing. That is why you stay rooted to one radio station, even when the presenter is fast tongued.

Vocal technique

The type of script can influence vocal techniques, style of voice over talent, the projected effect of voice over talent, audience.  Like pacing, vocal tone deals with timing and delivery—inflexion of voice in such a way that does not come off as fake.

The type of script will affect or explain the intonation of a voiceover: an ad script targeted at a geographically determined audience will have to contain the lingo of that demographic. Thus there are voiceovers in pidgin, AAVE, and so on. The vocal tone and inflexion will differentiate a voice over for children from that meant for an older demographic.

For example, an exciting and exuberant tone follows the vibrance of kids and is sure to get the message across. The script— in full view of the audience—and the discretion of the talent determines the vocal techniques used.

Audio clarity

Do you really think contents alone of successful podcasts gave them their spots on charts and ratings? Every successful podcast owner or one with potential will include a good sound system in a Podcast Starter Pack if you ever show interest. 

The essentials parts of good audio entail the clarity of a speaker’s voice and a perfect volume necessary.

As an audience, you are turned off by buzzes and background noises not relevant to the purpose of the topic. You are liable to be distracted, and once this happens in the communication process, it is broken and has to be restarted.

But seeing the transience of broadcast media (for instance) as an obstacle, the loss of communication is a bit more than temporary.

Others include;

  • Enunciation
  • Range
  • Experience
  • Articulation
  • Flexibility
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What is Propaganda? Wed, 18 Nov 2020 16:58:41 +0000 PropagandaThe term Propaganda is a mode of communication used to influence or manipulate the opinion of groups to support a particular belief and cause. It is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda. It uses loaded language to cause an emotional rather than rational response to the information that is being presented. […]]]> Propaganda

The term Propaganda is a mode of communication used to influence or manipulate the opinion of groups to support a particular belief and cause.

It is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda. It uses loaded language to cause an emotional rather than rational response to the information that is being presented.

Propaganda is used to manipulate the opinion of groups to support a cause that may not be objective and may be presenting evidence selectively to encourage a particular perception. It is often interconnected with material prepared by governments. However, religious organizations, companies, the media, activists, and individuals can also produce Propaganda.

Over the centuries, Propaganda has taken the form of films, artwork, speeches, and music. However, it is not limited to these forms of communication. The new media age has given rise to new ways of disseminating Propaganda, for example, spreading biased or fake news using social media. Also, through the use of algorithms to create computational Propaganda.

A person involved in spreading or producing Propaganda is called a Propagandist. Propagandists seek to change the way people understand a situation or an issue to change their expectations and actions in ways that are desirable to the interest group.

In this sense, Propaganda serves as a consequence of dissimulation in which the same purpose is achieved by preventing people from being approached with opposing points of view.

What separates Propaganda from other forms of boosterism is the willingness of the propagandist to change people’s understanding through confusion and deception. Propagandists use persuasion and understanding to change people’s understanding.

The administrators of an organization know the information to be untrue or one-sided, but this may not be true for the file members and rank who help to disseminate the Propaganda.

Types of Propaganda

1. Religious Propaganda

Propaganda was often used to influence beliefs and opinions on religious issues, particularly during the split between the Protestant churches and the Roman Catholic Church. This was actually the first type of Propaganda.

Missionaries have been working for a long time to recruit others to their respective faiths, whether it’s through pamphlets, broadcast media, posters, or face-to-face communications. Religious Propaganda is also used to shed more light on words like ethical issues and particular morals, including the controversy over religion in schools and abortion.

Religious Propaganda is used widely in the debates about new religious movements (NRMs), both by people who oppose them and people who defend them. The people who opposed the NRMs called them cults and made the NRMs look bad without sufficient reasons.

2. War Propaganda

War propaganda was introduced during World War I and was considered profound to the success of the war effort. Both Germany and Great Britain used Propaganda to win U.S. support.

Germany had been trying to gather the sympathies of U.S. citizens of German descent but was lop off from communicating directly with the American public. Correspondingly, sympathy for Great Britain took over, and support for the war effort orient accordingly.

Propaganda is a powerful weapon in war. It is used to imbrute and create disgust toward a supposed enemy, either external or internal, by creating a false notion in the mind of citizens and soldiers.

This can be done by using racist or derogatory terms, for example, the racist terms “gook” and “Jap” used during the Vietnam War and World War II. Also, by avoiding some language or words or by making allegations of enemy crimes.

The goal of making allegations of enemy crimes is to abash the opponent into thinking what was being projected was actually true. Most propaganda travails in wartime require the home population to feel the enemy has inflicted an injustice, which may be based on facts or fictitious. For example, when the German Navy sank the passenger ship of RMS Lusitania in World War I.

Also, the home population must also believe that the cause of their nation in the war is fair. In these actions, it was difficult to determine the accuracy of how Propaganda truly impacted the war.

In NATO doctrine, Propaganda refers to “Information, especially of a misleading or biased  nature, used to give publicity to a political cause or point of view.” Within this perspective, the information provided does not need to be necessarily false but must be instead relevant to specific goals of the “system” or “actor” that performs it.

Propaganda is also one of the procedures used in psychological warfare, which may also involve flawed flag operations. In this situation, the identity of the operatives is depicted as those of an enemy nation, for example, when The Bay of Pigs invasion used CIA planes painted in Cuban Air Force markings.

Propaganda may also be seen as false information meant to reinforce the viewpoint of people who already believe as the propagandist wishes. An example of this was during World War I, where the main purpose of British Propaganda was to encourage women to work in the country’s industry and men to join the army.

During that time, propaganda posters were used because TVs and radios were not very common. The presumption is that, if people believe something false, they will constantly be assailed by uncertainty. Since these doubts are unpleasant, people will be eager to have them erased and are therefore responsive to the reassurances of those in power.

The term propaganda is often addressed to people who are already supportive of the views or agenda being presented. This process of reinforcement uses an individual’s proneness to self-select “agreeable” information sources as a means for maintaining control over populations.

3. Advertisement Propaganda

Propaganda shares techniques with public relations and advertising, each of which can be thought of as Propaganda that shapes the perception of a person, brand, or organization.

Also, it promotes a commercial product. The journalistic theory basically holds that news items should be objective, giving the reader a review of the subject at hand and accurate background.

Advertisements have evolved from traditional commercial advertisements to also include a new type in the form of broadcasts or paid articles disguised as news.

These typically present an issue in a very irrational and often misleading light. Also, it was primarily meant to persuade rather than inform. In addition, Subtle propaganda techniques are mostly used in traditional commercial advertisements.

If a reader presumes that a paid advertisement is, in fact, a news item, then the message that the advertiser is trying to pass along will be more easily “internalized” or “believed”. Such advertisements are considered clear examples of “covert” Propaganda.

This is because such advertisements take on the form of objective information rather than the form of Propaganda, which can be misleading. Federal law particularly instructed that if any advertisement appears in the format of a news item, it must state that the item is, in fact, a paid advertisement.

4. Political Propaganda

The term Propaganda has become more common in political contexts, most especially when we are referring to certain efforts sponsored by political groups, governments. Also, it is often covert interests.

Propaganda was symbolized in the form of party slogans during the early 20th century.

The term Propaganda also has much in common with public information campaigns by governments, which are intended to discourage or encourage certain forms of behaviour. Public information campaigns such as not smoking, wearing seat belts, not littering, and so forth. Also, the emphasis is more political in Propaganda.

Techniques of Propaganda

1. Bandwagon Propaganda

As human beings, we have this natural desire to fit in. And that’s exactly the kind of follow-the-herd mentality this technique follows. Propagandists, like some advertisers, try to convince the audience that it is almost too late to join the organization, to take advantage of the offer to get on the bandwagon.

Bandwagon propaganda is all about inducing the target audience to take action. It is about creating a desire amongst people to become a part of the “in crowd”.

Advertisers typically use phrases like “trending now” or “join the crowd” for their services and products to enforce such a feeling. The propagandists tend to copy this style of creating an urge in the people.

The history of the word “bandwagon” gives us a clue to the basic in-tent behind the appeal. In previous centuries, when the circus came to town, part of the razzmatazz used to attract customers was the circus parade along the main street. The first wagon in the parade always carried the band.

Being on the bandwagon became synonymous with being a leader—the person who was “out in front” of an idea or a fashion. During World War II, propaganda posters stressed that everyone needed to be involved in the war effort.

2. Card Stacking Propaganda

This technique of Propaganda is perhaps most popularly used. Card Stacking Propaganda involves the intentional omission of certain facts to fool the target audience.

The term card stacking emerged from gambling and occurred when a player tries to stack decks in his or her favour. A similar doctrine is commonly used by companies to make their products appear better than they actually are.

Most brands use the card stacking propaganda technique to lessen unsavoury details about their services and products. For instance, some companies may cleverly cover “hidden charges” and only talk about the benefits of their services and products.

3. Plain Folks Propaganda

The technique is used by propagandists to persuade the audience that the public groups or figures they represent are not well trained, manipulative but are just plain folks like you and me.

Politicians are using this device when they put on work boots and bib overalls and carry a red bandanna to meet with countryside audiences.

Sometimes, the plain folks’ technique is as simple as using a common language to appeal to the audience. The technique might take the form of plain, everyday actions such as driving a tractor or splitting wood. This technique uses pretence to create identification between the receiver and the source.

In addition, the sources referred to in this technique are not plain folks at all. Instead, they are trying to influence the audience into following their call through a false feeling of kinship. They try to communicate that the spokesperson or candidate is “of the people” even though that might not be true at all.

4. Testimonial Propaganda

Testimonial propaganda is a popular device in today’s world of advertising. The technique that uses celebrity or renowned figures to endorse services and products.

In this case, when a celebrity or renowned figure vouches for something, the viewers are likely to take account of the popularity or credibility of that person. This boosts the credibility of that particular brand. 

5. Glittering Generalities Propaganda

Glittering generalities is a propaganda technique where the propagandists use vague statements to influence the audience. Also, the propagandist can use emotional appeal to influence the audience too.

Advertising agencies, therefore, use phrases like “to kick-start your day” or “inspiring you from within” or to create positive anecdotes.

Phrases like this make the product look more appealing and result in better sales. To achieve better results, brands may use lyrical phrases, metaphors, or hyperboles to attract more attention.

6. Name-Calling Propaganda

Name-calling propaganda is the other side of glittering generalities. It uses words that have highly negative connotations to smear a group or person. The technique involves using derogatory phrases to create a negative opinion about some other brand or someone.

However, the brand may also speak negatively about an idea. For example, a company that sells plant-based products may talk about how cruel it is to kill animals. As a result of this, they may also condemn fast-food chain businesses.

Let’s see this example also; we might call a particular religious group “a bunch of zealous, fanatical Jesus freaks” to demonize or even marginalize them. During World War II, the Japanese were called “nips” or “Japs” and Germans were called “heinies,” “krauts,” or “huns,”.

In addition, during the Vietnam and  Korean wars, the enemies were called “slants,” “gooks,” “Charlies,” or “slopes.” The people give these names to the enemies to reduce them to the level of brutes with apelike behaviour and low intelligence.

7. Transfer Propaganda

This is a technique of Propaganda that projects certain qualities (which can either be negative or positive) of an ideology, person, or object to other things and people. Transfer propaganda uses many different symbols to achieve a pleasing outcome

The Propaganda also resembles a testimonial or an endorsement in that the credibility of the endorser transfers to the product. For example, In international politics, Saddam Hussein was compared to Hitler, and Hitler’s negative qualities are being transferred to the Iraqi dictator.

In Conclusion

We hope this detailed guide has provided us with enough insight on the techniques, types, and what Propaganda itself is all about.

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10 Protein Sources for Vegetarians Tue, 10 Nov 2020 10:12:27 +0000 Protein Sources for VegetariansIn our very stressful lifestyles, we often tend to neglect the importance of proper nutrition. We all have heard the terms ‘Carbohydrates’, ‘Proteins’, ‘Fats’, ‘Vitamins’ and ‘Minerals’, but the role these nutrients play on our body is not dwelled into. A committed individual is often led astray by articles online that possess inadequate information. With […]]]> Protein Sources for Vegetarians

In our very stressful lifestyles, we often tend to neglect the importance of proper nutrition. We all have heard the terms ‘Carbohydrates’, ‘Proteins’, ‘Fats’, ‘Vitamins’ and ‘Minerals’, but the role these nutrients play on our body is not dwelled into.

A committed individual is often led astray by articles online that possess inadequate information. With the misguided knowledge most people possess of a balanced diet, it becomes exceedingly difficult for vegetarians to get enough protein without ingesting animal protein sources.

Proteins are important to living beings as it repairs and builds muscle tissue, cell growth, hormone production and other vital functions undertaken by the body. Without adequate protein in our diets, we experience body fatigue and weak immunity from diseases.

Most vegetarians are under the assumption that their diets consist of every nutrient the body needs to sustain itself and meet all its nutritional requirements. On the other hand, vegetable protein sources are considered inferior to animal protein sources.

Plant food sources are in truth not inferior in terms of nutritional quantity to animal food sources, and they also distribute a number of macro-nutrients to our bodies which animals cannot.

Going beyond the vegetarian and non-vegetarian divide, there’s much we can gain from ingesting vegetarian food sources. These food sources are often unknown to most people and thus, this article aims to acquaint you with the best plant protein sources.

Follow these suggested food items to enrich your existing diet:


Tempeh is not only a great protein source, it also possesses high amounts of fiber, iron, potassium and calcium. Tempeh, being a fermented product, allows for quick digestion and absorption. It is also incredibly versatile as it provides a number of variants to choose from.



Tofu is perhaps the most popular vegetarian protein source. Tofu is still commonly found in dishes all over Asia. Tofu is revered for its ability to soak up flavour from a number of sources. Tofu offers a number of other benefits as well. It is a great source of vitamins and also minerals like iron and calcium.

Sea Vegetables

Sea Vegetables, the most popular being Arame and Dulse, are revered for the immense nutritional benefits they provide. Along with their nutritional properties, they also contain innumerable medicinal and healing qualities.

Being more of an acquired taste, these vegetables do not disappoint in their nutritional benefits, which you can receive from their simple addition to salads. Sea vegetables also come in different variants like Kelp, Kombu, Nori, and Spirulina to name a few.


Being easily available in a number of variants is perhaps the greatest advantage Miso holds over other plant protein sources, each of which lends a distinctive taste to your taste buds.

Miso can be used in a stand-alone soup recipe or even as an addition to a well prepared dish as seasoning. It’s different variants are Hatcho miso, Kome miso and Mugi miso.



Nuts are incredibly nutritious and provide a number of benefits on its ingestion. Rich in vitamin deposits, fatty acids and fiber, they prove to be great additions to an individual’s diet.

It is important to consume nuts in moderation and not make a diet focused on it. Nuts contain healthy fats which help preserve heart health. Eating nuts raw is a great idea and this method is by far the most nutritionally beneficial way to consume nuts.

Almonds, Cashews, Chestnuts, Peanuts, Pecans, Pine Nuts, Pistachio Nuts and Walnuts are the most nutrient rich nuts available. Grab a handful, and extoll the benefits of this healthy snack.

Another great way to consume nuts is to extract nut milk. Nut milk is extremely rich in vitamins and minerals and is very easily prepared.


When compared to nuts, seeds appear to provide very similar benefits. Grinding seeds a bit, before consumption, is a good idea to ensure your body is able to digest it better.

Sunflower seeds are extremely rich in potassium content which affects the sodium levels in the body. They are also revered for being an incredible source of essential fatty acids. Flaxseeds provide similar benefits alongside promoting intestinal health.

Pumpkin seeds are bountiful and much loved for their high calcium and iron content alongside essential fatty acids. Sesame seeds are regarded as the best sources for calcium.

Beans and Legumes


Beans and legumes gain favour from most vegetarians for their protein content. Being high in carbohydrate content too helps its popularity as it can be prepared along other protein rich foods.

Beans like Black beans, Kidney beans, Garbanzo beans, Navy beans and Pinto beans are revered for their high nutrient content.

Lentils can be found in two varieties, Soybeans being the most protein potent of them all. Known for its versatility, they can be used to prepare a wide range of vegetarian dishes. Beans are also great additions to salads.

If you don’t mind your food sources to contain some dairy and egg products, you could go for the following suggestions:

Whey Powder

Whey Powder

Whey protein is a great protein source and can be found in powder form. Extremely concentrated, it is very easily digested by the body and hence readily absorbed. Whey protein powder comes in whey powder concentrate or whey powder isolate.

Whey powder is gaining prominence across the globe for its role as a supplement. Whey protein is also highly useful for its role in boosting our immune system.


Greek Yogurt

Being a fermented product, Yogurt is incredibly easy to digest. Yogurt can also be tolerated by those persons who are allergic to dairy products. Yogurt is replete with good bacteria which is very significant to our health.


Cheese is by far everyone’s favourite dairy product. Besides being extremely rich in protein, cheese is very versatile.

Cheese is rich in vitamins A and D, calcium and even in enzymes. Natural cheese is a very nourishing basic food providing valuable protein, easily digestible butterfat, vitamins A and D, calcium, and even enzymes.

In conclusion, you must take home the message that it is a good idea to plan your meals ahead of time and distribute your protein intake in a number of meals instead of binge eating.

This way you can be sure to supply your body with nutrition of the highest order. Above all remain consistent with your diet and also add variety by choosing from a wide range of options.

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Benefits of Sandalwood Powder Mon, 09 Nov 2020 17:17:58 +0000 Sandalwood PowderSandalwood powder has been used for a long time for skin problems. Regular use of this powder can combat bacteria causing acne, exfoliation of the skin, soothe sunburn, remove suntan, and reduce ageing signs. When you have an acne outbreak, mix a squash of milk, sandalwood, and a pinch of turmeric powder and then apply […]]]> Sandalwood Powder

Sandalwood powder has been used for a long time for skin problems. Regular use of this powder can combat bacteria causing acne, exfoliation of the skin, soothe sunburn, remove suntan, and reduce ageing signs.

When you have an acne outbreak, mix a squash of milk, sandalwood, and a pinch of turmeric powder and then apply to the area, leaving it for thirty minutes before washing it off. Are you being disturbed by acne or dry skin?

Rather than opting for commercial beauty products, sandalwood powder, commonly used in Ayurveda, is a holistic way of treating skin conditions. It can treat skin rashes, blemishes, acne, and several other issues due to its multiple health and beauty benefits.

Here are the advantages of sandalwood powder:

Blemish and warts removal

Pimples, acne, rashes, or injuries may leave marks on the skin that can be permanent sometimes. The stubborn blemishes and spots are known to be removed by applying sandalwood, which may also be useful in removing warts, especially genital warts caused by the HPV virus.


  • Mix a tablespoon of turmeric, one tablespoon of sandalwood powder, a small camper tablet, and one teaspoon of milk in a paste.
  • Massage it gently and leave it overnight on the affected area
  • Wash with cold water the next morning.

Doing this will help to prevent defects and warts by soothing the skin

Prevention and treatment for pimples

When sebum and oil are formed in excess on the skin, impurities, dirt, and germs block the skin’s pores. It draws the sebum and the oil beneath the skin, creating bumps.

The antibacterial properties of sandalwood will help the skin battle acne, making your skin look smooth.

Treatment for pimples

  • Mix the following in a paste: one tablespoon of sandalwood powder, one teaspoon of milk, and a pinch of turmeric powder
  • Place the paste on your skin for 30 minutes and then rinse with cold water

Sandalwood and turmeric’s medicinal properties will cure the areas concerned and make the skin shiny.

Treatment for acne

  • Apply one tablespoon of sandalwood powder together with one tea cubit of milk face mask
  • After twenty minutes, wash it with cold water
  • Then dab your skin carefully with rosé water-dipped with cotton wool

Remove suntan

Sandalwood powder helps with the removal of sunburn and lessen sunburn. Applying the powder on the irritated, sunburnt skin will help since it has a calming effect.


  • Mix in a paste one tablespoon of powdered sandalwood and one teaspoon of milk or honey
  • Apply onto the affected area of the skin
  • Leave it for about 30 minutes and then wash it with cold water

Applying the sandalwood three days a week eliminates sunburn and balances the skin tone.

Reduce wrinkles and sign of ageing

Sun, dust, and pollution exposure can cause skin ageing to be premature. Washing the face regularly to prevent dirt and grime doesn’t help because essential oil is lost as a result of constant washing.

This causes certain skin conditions that include sagging, wrinkles, dryness of the skin, and more that make the skin look older.

Sandalwood powder is a safe way of minimizing ageing symptoms because it decreases the harm caused by free radicals.


  • Blend one full tablespoon of honey, two sandalwood powder tablespoons, and one drop of egg yolk in the dough
  • Apply it to your face
  • Wash with cold water after 1 hour

Make use of this technique daily to increase the elasticity of the skin and avoid skin tightening.

Enhances skin beauty

Rather than using chemical-filled creams that claim to provide “Instant radiance,” opt for sandalwood powder. The use of sandalwood powder frequently enhances the skin’s glow and clarity.


  • Mix a pinch of turmeric, one teaspoon of milk, and one tablespoon of powdered sandalwood.
  • Apply it to your neck and face.
  • Wash it for flawless skin after 30 minutes with cold water.

Treating dry skin

Dry and flaky skin can contribute to irritation as well as itching. Sandalwood oils can help treat skin difficulties and make the skin soft and moisturized.


  • Put the sandalwood paste on two times a week for 30 minutes
  • Rinse with cold water after application
  • Softly pat the skin dry

Exfoliation of skin

Exfoliation is necessary for healthy skin and must be done using natural products for successful outcomes. Sandalwood powder is among the best ingredients for skin exfoliation when combined with chickpea powder.


  • Combine in a paste one tablespoon of sandalwood powder, one tablespoon of black chickpea powder, and rose water or milk.
  • Massage this paste gently in a circular movement around your forehead
  • Leave the paste to dry for 30 minutes
  • Use Cold water to wash your face

Sandalwood powder will make your skin look and feel younger for years. Make sure you buy an original sandalwood powder from a licensed trader.  This is because cheap, adulterated imitations are often flooded on the market as a result of the high demand for sandalwood powder.

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Best Emoji Apps Sun, 08 Nov 2020 19:02:08 +0000 Best Emoji AppsAn emoji is an icon or small digital image that is used to express an idea or emotion. They are smileys and ideograms used in web pages and electronic messages. The first Emoji was created by Shigetaka Kurika in 1999. During that time, he worked on the development for “i-mode,” an early mobile internet platform […]]]> Best Emoji Apps

An emoji is an icon or small digital image that is used to express an idea or emotion. They are smileys and ideograms used in web pages and electronic messages. The first Emoji was created by Shigetaka Kurika in 1999.

During that time, he worked on the development for “i-mode,” an early mobile internet platform from Japan’s main mobile carrier, DOCOMO. 

Currently, Emoji is a very popular form of communication that is used everywhere. It is supported on all platforms, including Google (Android and Chrome OS), Apple, Microsoft, etc.

People find it more casual than words, and also it adds clarity to a phrase. With emojis, we can express emotions such as joy and sadness without having to commit to the rigidity of callous words. 

Although some people find it difficult to find the emojis they want when typing, so they start searching for emoji apps. This results in third parties creating emoji apps that will offer a wide range of Emoji to enhance people’s conversation.  

Currently, Emojis have become a wonderful way for someone to improve the way we communicate when typing. There are many ways to get the GIFs and emojis that are available on every platform. The best way for users to get them, is to download them through a keyboard app.  

To help people get access to any emoji they want, we have selected some of the Android and iOS Best Emoji Apps available on Google Play Store and Apple store: 


Bitmoji is much more than a keyboard. The app allows Its user to create their own Bitmoji, which is a character that looks just like them.

Bitmoji has a lot of special features that make it unique from other emoji apps; for example, it can intertwine the Bitmoji of two people for special emojis to make their conversations more fun. Also, the app allows the user to copy and paste the emojis they see. 


Kika Keyboard is available for both Android and iOS. It has over six thousand emojis, and it comes in various styles like Funny, Happy, Blueberry, etc. So there is always a lot of options for the user to choose from. 

There are over 5 thousand themes available for the users to download, and also enables them to customize how the keyboard will look like. The keyboard also allows the users to use their own photos as the background of the keyboard.

Other features available on the keyboard include:

  • Auto-correction mode
  • Support for over 60 languages
  • You can choose if you want your message to look funny, fancy or just plain by changing the font


Go keyboard is an interesting application because it allows for traditional typing or swiping. The app allows the users to adjust their keyboard as much as they want, add or remove numbers, and move the location of the emoji button. 

The Go keyboard includes many features that can give the users a fantastic experience while using it. It gives the users suggestions that make it easier for them to type long sentences or complete their thoughts after learning how they type and words that they use frequently. 

The application also updates its library by adding new emojis from time to time, for example, providing seasonal emojis that will make it fun when the holidays come, when the Easter bunny is out, and so on.  

Besides, the application allows the users to scroll through the library with ease. 


Flesky is one of the best emoji apps on both Android and iOS platforms. The app claims to be the fastest of all the keyboard applications because it removes the swipe function in favour of large keys that are easier to reach with thumbs.

The application also allows users to customize the way the keyboard will look like. The user can decide how large the keys will be, where they will access the emojis, and how many extra keys should be on the keyboard. Besides, the app has a lot of Emoji and GIFs on it; it allows the users to search for GIFs and emojis. 

The app has a full keyboard of emojis that come from places like EmojiOne, Twitter, and even the iOS style. The users have full control over the customization of the keyboard and emojis that should be displayed to them. The app allows its user to remove any emoji predictions if they don’t like it. 


Gboard is the Google keyboard; it was created to carry out all the functionality that Google has created over the years. The app features a lot of amazing benefits, including access to over 120 languages. Just like other keyboard apps, it allows the user to adjust the layout or the theme of the keyboard to make typing easier. 

The app allows for swiping or simple tap typing. It also has a lot of emojis for users to use. The user can even search for GIFs and emojis when they are looking for something specific. 


Swiftmoji was created by the people behind Swiftkey; it was made just for emojis. It has all the options that the user needs when they would like to get emojis from different places like EmojiOne, Google, iOS, and Twitter emojis. 

The app was designed in a way that is very easy to navigate, and it allows for a configuration for the keyboard when looking for just emojis. The keyboard was created to work with the regular Swiftkey so that typing can be much faster than it was in the past. 


Textra is not just a regular keyboard; it is also a texting app that will replace the default messenger on the user’s phone. The app makes it more fun by enabling the user to use any GIFs and emojis of their choice from the app’s library. 

When a user downloads Textra, they are greeted with vibrant colours of the application, and it allows the user to change the theme to any colour scheme they like. The app also allows the users to search for any GIFs and emojis from its library. Besides, the app imports emojis from platforms like Google, iPhone, and Twitter. 


Facemoji is an application that provides both Emoji and typing support. The application allows the users to set up the keyboard in one of the many languages that are available. The users have access to over 2,500 emojis that have been uploaded to the application, and the keyboard also allows for gesture typing. 

Facemoji is one of the best emoji apps on both platforms because it supports all the functionality needed for users to enjoy amazing experiences when using the keyboard. The app uploads new emojis regularly to the application library. 

In addition, the app imports emojis from popular platforms like Twitter. Facemoji makes it easy for users to communicate their emotions properly by combining the keyboard and emojis.

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12 Types of Plants to Put in Your Home for Improved Air Quality Sun, 08 Nov 2020 11:21:02 +0000 Aloe VeraCommon problems with the oxygen we inhale are happening right now, and in some cases, an injury with the lung can result in a catastrophic near-death experience. A study even has it that breathing in certain things can cause the lungs to experience fatal problems. The need for clean air is on a global scale, […]]]> Aloe Vera

Common problems with the oxygen we inhale are happening right now, and in some cases, an injury with the lung can result in a catastrophic near-death experience. A study even has it that breathing in certain things can cause the lungs to experience fatal problems.

The need for clean air is on a global scale, and while the idea of indoor plants to help with purifying the air in the home, because it is said that the air coming from outside is consistently circulating through most houses.

People can tell when their home is stuffy and needs enough ventilation to feel the difference from having some indoor plants. However, it still depends on whether your windows are open, if the house is well insulated, how many indoor plants you have, and other factors involved.

Plants naturally give off oxygen in the environment, and multiple studies have proven that indoor plants improve the quality of air. One would need a lot of indoor plants to purify the air successfully.

NASA reported that 15-18 air purifying plants are required in order to make a difference in an 1800-square-foot residence. Let us look at some indoor plants that you could place around your home, to purify the air.



Valerian plants come in shades of white and pink flowers that give off a pleasant smell and making your home more comfortable. These perennial flowering plants are described as an insomnia treatment by a Roman philosopher and physician known as Galen.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily

Peace lilies are plants not only known to filter through the air and eliminate harmful chemicals like formaldehyde, trichloroethylene, and benzene but can also help maintain proper humidity and keep the air fresh by suppressing harmful airborne microbes that may cause allergy symptoms.

Spider Plant

Spider Plant

The spider plant is considered one of the most potent air purifying plants, that is able to eliminate a large amount of impurity in the air that is known to contaminate the air in the home, and it is also able to absorb fumes and odors.

The spider plant is also capable of sustaining the levels of oxygen in the environment; however, there should be enough of these plants to produce a considerable effect.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant

The snake plant is regarded as an oxygen powerhouse that is known to mainly release oxygen at night, making the home more conducive to sleep in.

Gerber Daisies

Gerber Daisies

Gerber daisies are plants nature has designed to improve a person’s mood, releases enough amount of oxygen and alleviate some symptoms linked with allergies.

Bamboo Palm

Bamboo Palm

The bamboo plant is also suitable for indoor use because it helps purify from toxins and odors.



This plant, like its beautiful name, fill the air with a soothing aroma that helps improve sleep, reduce stress and anxiety, and rids the room of offensive smell.

We can’t tell for sure if all these characters are attributed to the smell the plant gives off, but one thing is sure, having this plant in your home gives you a sense of purpose because it taps into your very essence



Lavenders are considered stress relieving plants. This plant is good indoor because it not only helps soothe crying babies, but it also reduces blood pressure. Talk about the silent doctor.



This beautiful plant has the same traits as other plants mentioned before, and it is good for people who have a problem sleeping. Having a few of this in your home isn’t a bad idea at all.

English Ivy

English Ivy

English ivies are unusual plants because they not only purify the air, but they also help combat airborne impurities. However, the toxic nature of this plant doesn’t allow for much touching and might be fatal to ingest. So it is advisable to maintain minimal contact with the plant.

Golden Pothos

Golden Pothos

Marbled, heart-shaped leaves are the common ways to tell that it is a golden pothos, and it is known for purifying the air.  Also, like the “English Ivy,” it is also toxic and shouldn’t be ingested. Keep them away from kids.

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera, also known as “the plant of immortality” by Ancient Egyptians, are a popular plant that is found almost everywhere, but what you can’t tell apart from its healing properties is that they also help in purifying the air and making breathing easier.

So what do you think? Don’t you just want to get some flower pots and plant some in? Let’s have the house smelling nice.

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Washing Machine: Types, Uses and Guideline Sun, 08 Nov 2020 11:12:01 +0000 Washing MachineWashing machine is also called a laundry machine, clothes washer, or washer). This is the home appliance used to wash the laundry. The term is most widely used to refer to the machine that use water as opposed to dry cleaning (which uses alternative cleaning fluids and is carried out by professional companies) or ultrasonic cleaners. The […]]]> Washing Machine

Washing machine is also called a laundry machine, clothes washer, or washer). This is the home appliance used to wash the laundry. The term is most widely used to refer to the machine that use water as opposed to dry cleaning (which uses alternative cleaning fluids and is carried out by professional companies) or ultrasonic cleaners.

The washing machine is a machine used to wash the various types of clothes without applying any physical efforts. With a washing machine, you don’t have to rub the clothes with your hand or squeeze to remove the water.

The washing machine helps you to wash dirty clothes automatically without having to supervise the process. Everything you need to do is put your clothes in the machine and choose the washing mode.

The washing machine automatically absorbs the amount of water and detergent required, and can also automatically sets the timer for all process of cleaning like washing, rinsing and drying as per the model chosen and the number of clothes.

Types of washing machine based on place of loading

There are two types of washing machines. Based on the place of loading the clothes in the washing machine: top loading and front loading of the washing machine. Both of these were listed below:

  1. Top-loading washing machine: the clothes are loaded from the top of the washing machine in this type of washing machine. This washing machine is more popularly used in many parts of the world than the front-loading washing machine.
  2. Front loading washing machine: Dirty Laundry is loaded from the front side of the machine. Researches have shown that front-loading washing machines use less electrical energy, water and detergent and also yield better washing results compared to the top-loading washing machine.

In the European markets, the market share of front-loading washing machines is 90%, whereas the top-loading of washing machines is 10%. On the other hand, the US has a market share of 65 per cent for top loading and 35 per cent for front-loading washing machines.

Types of washing machine based on the automatic feature

Let us see the descriptions of the two of them:

1) Semi-automatic washing machine

This type of washing machine has separate washer and dryer. Two separate timers allow washing and drying times to be scheduled. To wash your clothes, you have to put your clothes in the washer, put an appropriate quantity of water and detergent, and then set the timer.

After the time specified, the washing machine will stop. You can remove clothes and dry them in the sun, or you can partially dry them with the drier.

2) Fully automated unit

In a fully automatic washing machine, there is only one opening to be used as a washer, a rinser and a dryer. Depending on the number of clothes or the weight of the clothes, the unit automatically takes an appropriate amount of water and detergent and sets the timer to wash and dry automatically.

You have to attach a water connection, place the detergent in its storage space from time to time, and put in the clothing. The fully automated washing machine carries out the rest of the process automatically.

Uses of the washing machine

Washing Machine

With the advent of technology, washing clothes has been made simpler and simpler. The invention of the washing machine has helped to minimize the amount of manual labour expended on cleaning clothing, either domestically or commercially.

They also save time when cleaning clothes and save water usage compared to manual washing. Here are the different applications of washing machines.

Commercial Use

Commercial washing machines are used more often than the domestic washing machine and since they are open to the general public use it is important to buy the types designed for this purpose.

Before you make any purchase, consider the reliability and efficiency of these devices instead of their design. When you select models of washing machines such as Kenmore 41302, you can find some main features in them that perform unique load tasks.

Some of the important features associated with these machines include their heavy and bulky nature, and their expensive stainless steel design to prevent corrosion in moist environments. 

Additionally, these machines have sizeable easy-to-open service covers installed in long rows with a full access passageway behind them. This allows maintenance without moving the heavy machines to prevent any damages that might occur during the movements.

Some of the commonly used commercial washing machines are; 

Laundromat machines 

These machines are usually installed in public areas for the community to access them easily. Laundromat machines are operated by devices that accept money as the card readers for the public conveniences.

Some of the common features of the commercial Laundromat washer include two or three basic wash programs with an opportunity to select wash cycle temperatures.

Horizontal-axis front-loading models are some of the commonly used laundromat machines due to their cost-effectiveness in terms of their operating costs.

Industrial washers

Contrary to the domestic washing machine, the industrial washers have an automatic injection option of different chemical types to reduce the change time of measuring soap products and fabric softeners at different stages of washing.

They also allow the user to control the various wash and rinse cycles through programming custom washing cycles. Besides, they can be mounted on heavy-duty shock absorbers and attached to a concrete floor or on hydraulic cylinders.

Environmental Impact of Washing Machines

Considering the increasing cost of repairs comparative to the price of a washing machine has led to a rise in the number of defective machines thrown away, which is harmful to the environment.

Occasionally, it would help if you were inspecting the machine’s dryer vents to ensure they are free from blockages to save energy and prevent fire. Washing machine manufacturers recommend using a rigid venting material rather than the plastic vents that can collapse or cause blockages. 

Washing machines improve efficiency and cleaning standards of clothes both domestically and commercially, saving time and labour required for cleaning of the clothes.

Different washing machine models such as Kenmore 41302 use a specific amount of water, detergent, and energy. These washing machines require to use hot water for the cleaning, which means they consume large amounts of energy either domestically or commercially.

Guidelines for using a washing machine 

Separate colours and pre-treat stains 

When washing separating clothes by colour will help to prevent any colour run disasters; it is advisable to divide your weekly washes into four different piles: delicates, darks whites, and lights.

Before putting any clothes from the pile into the washing machine, check the garments for stains. Pre-treat these with a little detergent before placing in the washer to avoid having to re-wash later.

Check garment care labels

Before placing your clothes in the washing machine, always check the laundry directions on the care label. These will provide guidance on the correct wash cycle and temperature to be set.

Put delicates in laundry bags

It’s a smart idea to place delicate things such as underwear, tights, silks, and lingerie in laundry bags to prevent them from snagging. You can use your pillowcase if you do not own a laundry bag.

Put detergent in the right place

Always read through the packaging of your detergent to check how to measure and use the product.

Please clean your washing machine.

Daily cleaning is a vital aspect of knowing how to use a washing machine. After all, the washing machine won’t be able to do its job effectively unless it’s clean on its own! To eliminate bad smell from your washing machine, Set the washing machine to a hot cycle and add a cup of white vinegar to sanitize the machine. 

Don’t overwhelm the machine

Clothes jammed into the washing machine won’t be able to shift around enough to clean them properly, so you could end up having to wash them again! Also, do not wash small loads using an excessive amount of water and resources.

Don’t leave anything in your pockets

Check all pockets for items like tissues or plastic toys before putting them in the washing machine. A stray tissue could leave your entire load covered in white fluff! 

Do not put fabric conditioner directly on top of the laundry

Fabric conditioner should not come in direct contact with fabrics, as they can get stained. Consult the manual of the washing machine to locate the right compartment in the detergent drawer for the conditioner to be put in – it is normally labelled with a flower.

Do not use excessive detergent

Excessive amounts of laundry detergent can leave residues on your clothes and will not result in cleaner clothes.

Don’t leave your clothes damp for a long time

Moisture from wet laundry may lead to a mould build-up in your washing machine drum, or even on your laundry. Remove the clothes from the washer as soon as possible after the rinse cycle is over and dry out, wherever you can.

Don’t attempt to patch any serious faults

Only attempt to patch Minor issues with the washing machine, such as a blocked water drain, perhaps something you can do with a little support from your manual washing machine. Do not attempt More serious problems, particularly with regard to plumbing or electrical equipment of your system, should always be referred to a professional.

Happy wash!

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Vacuum Cleaner: Types, History, Using and Factors to Consider Sun, 08 Nov 2020 10:56:23 +0000 Vacuum CleanerWe live in a time where people crave convenience. Different pieces of equipment such as washing machines, dishwashers, and vacuum cleaners have been designed to help people who want to relieve themselves of the stress of most chores. The vacuum cleaner is an essential household equipment that’s very common. Rather than sweeping with a broom […]]]> Vacuum Cleaner

We live in a time where people crave convenience. Different pieces of equipment such as washing machines, dishwashers, and vacuum cleaners have been designed to help people who want to relieve themselves of the stress of most chores.

The vacuum cleaner is an essential household equipment that’s very common.

Rather than sweeping with a broom or brush, people now opt for a device that can do all that and their only task is to move it around. Vacuum cleaners are electrical equipment that generates suction to remove dirt and dust from floors, chairs and even curtains. It can also be referred to as a vacuum or a hoover.

The dirt and dust sucked by this equipment are collected in a dust bag for disposal. Like most equipment, the vacuum cleaner comes in different models and sizes ranging from battery-powered portable devices to a wheeled canister vacuum(the most commonly used), a domestic central vacuum system and even an industrial vacuum cleaner.

They also come with a capacity for several litres of dust before being emptied.

A brief history of vacuum cleaner

The vacuum cleaner isn’t a novel invention. It’s a piece of electrical equipment that evolved from the carpet sweeper through manual vacuum cleaners. These manual models made use of bellows, and they were invented in the mid 19th century; the 1860s to be precise.

In the 20th century, the first models of the motor-powered cleaners came on board. These early models used blowing air to push debris instead of generating suction to gather them.

In 1898, John Thurman patented a piece of equipment called the “carpet renovator” which employed the blowing of dust into a bag. It is powered by an internal combustion engine, and it was used commercially from house to house for cleaning services.

The following year and the year after in 1899 and 1900 respectively, a certain Corrine Daffour got two patents for another blown air cleaner which was the first-ever to make use of an electric motor engine.

Suction as a cleaning technique came to life when two inventors, a British named Hubert Booth and an American named David Kenney independently manufactured a powered vacuum cleaner that uses suction to clean surfaces. Hubert’s tech involved the generation of suction by using pumped air through a cloth filter.

Kenney’s applied a 4000-pound stationary steam-powered engine with various pipes and hoses reaching into several parts of the building. The first electric-powered vacuum cleaner was invented in 1907 by Jerry Spangler. It was portable in design, and he got a patent for it a year later.

Jerry’s tech employed the use of suction to suck dirt off and a brush that circulates on dirty surfaces to make the dirt easier to be sucked off the surface. Because of funding issues, Jerry couldn’t produce his design, and he opted to sell his patent in 1908.

The vacuum cleaner quickly became a prized possession of the middle-class citizens after the second world war. Furthermore, the machine became more popular in western countries because the dominant flooring style of their homes was wall to wall carpeting.

As the world approached the 21st century, new breeds of vacuum cleaners came into the picture. Rechargeable portable vacuum cleaners, cyclonic dirt separation without the use of a filter, central vacuum systems, microscopic computer technology and advanced batteries made the development of robotic vacuum cleaners possible.

In 1997, Sweden demonstrated Electrolux Trilobite, the world’s first cordless robotic vacuum cleaner which penetrated the market in 2001. In 2004, a British tech company invented a new breed of vacuum cleaner that use the air recycling system instead of a vacuum to suck the dirt off carpets.

The machine operates similarly to a hovercraft by floating on air to suck dirt. The machine was designed to be lightweight and more comfortable to move around than the equipment on wheels.

Major types of vacuum cleaner

Canister cleaner

This model of vacuum cleaner is very common in the United Kingdom. They move on wheels, and they are also referred to as “cylinder” cleaner. This flexible equipment is made of the motor engine, the dust collector which could either be bagged or bagless and connected to a hose which connects to the vacuum head.

It is a dominant product in the European market. This cleaner is well-liked for its flexibility. It can use different vacuum heads for various tasks and functions. It is flexible enough to clean different surfaces such as stairs, the space under furniture and walls.

The vacuum head also known as the powerhead of the equipment is made up of mechanical beaters which are powered by a separate turbine that enables it to generate suction to utilise the brush attached to it through a drive belt. The canister cleaner also has a backpack version.

Upright vacuum cleaner

This type of vacuum cleaner is very common in the American market and that of a good number of Commonwealth countries. They made up of a vacuum head, a bag for dust collection and a handle for manoeuvring.

It removes dirt through vibration and sweeping movements by a beater bar or in some designs, a rotating brush. This kind of vacuum cleaner has two types; the direct fan type also referred to as the dirty-air type and the fan-bypass, also known as the clean-air type. Commercial outlets and cleaning agencies mostly use the former while the latter is commonly used for household purposes.

The direct fan model employs the use of a large fan mounted at the entrance of the suction opening, which is the channel through which dirt swept off surfaces is passed through, before being gathered in a bag. The equipment has another fan that’s for cooling purposes. Its primary function is to cool the motor while it’s being operated.

The direct fan cleaner possesses large blades which enables it to generate an excellent airflow with just a low amount of power. This makes it very effective in getting dirt off surfaces, but it is more effective on horizontal surfaces than vertical surfaces. The suction power considerably lessens on surfaces like wall or draperies.

The second model; the fan-bypass cleaner has a different configuration. Its motor engine is mounted after the filter bag. It works by removing and collecting dirt/dust from the airflow by the bag and then passing it through the filter before it finally goes through the fan.

The motor engine is cooled down by the airflow that passes through it and unlike direct fan cleaners. It is equally effective on both horizontal and vertical surfaces because its mechanism keeps the suction strength steady and it isn’t affected by the distance or length of the hose.

However, it is inferior to the direct-fan cleaner in terms of airflow because it’s airflow needs to be twice as strong as the direct fans to achieve the same effects.

Wet/Dry Vacuum cleaner

This kind of vacuum cleaners can be used to clean up spills or wet surfaces. It is a special type of drum or cylinder cleaners. They can be used both within and outside the house, and they can clean up both dry and wet surfaces.

Some of these cleaners possess an exhaust opening or a removable blower that can reverse the airflow. This serves to clear up a blocked hose or blow dirt/dust into a collectable for easy disposal. It has a pneumatic version that can hook up to compressed air.

Drum vacuum cleaner

This type of cleaner is a special type of cylinder cleaner that is used for heavy-duty tasks.  The canister of this cleaner is a large, vertically-placed drum which can be static or movable on wheels. It has smaller versions which are commonly seen and used in garages and workshops, and they operate with electricity.

Robotic vacuum cleaner

These cleaners are independently operated once switched on. They move on their own across surfaces and retrieve dust and dirt into a dust bag. They can move around furniture in the home and return on their own to their charging spots to recharge.

This cleaner possesses motorised brushes and vacuum motor for the dirt collection. Some models of this cleaner have stronger airflows than all other types of vacuum cleaners. They utilise a laser-based mapping technology to navigate surfaces they are cleaning which is usually done through multiple charging cycles.

Cyclonic vacuum cleaner

This cleaner does not possess filter bags like others. It employs high speed to suck off dirt and dust into a detachable cylindrical-shaped collectable or bin. Just like a cyclone, its high speed generates a vortex that spins very fast and creates a centrifugal force in its dirt collection and storage.

When the collectable is nearing its brim, the cleaner’s mechanism restricts its airflow which automatically lowers its suction power. This distinguishes it from cleaners with filter bags, and their suction power is only reduced when the hose is blocked or clogged.

Specifications used in rating vacuum cleaners

  • Airflow
  • Airspeed
  • Suction strength
  • Operational Noise level
  • Weight
  • Power cord length
  • Hose length
  • Input power
  • Output power

Vacuum cleaner like most equipment comes with a host of accessories. Its function is auxiliary, (it clean surfaces that the vacuum cleaner itself cannot reach or clean).

They include tools such as upholstery nozzles, crevice tools, dusting brush, hard floor brush and powered floor nozzle.

Factors to consider before purchasing a vacuum cleaner

Vacuum Cleaner
  • Your floor-cleaning frequency: Do you vacuum your floors daily? If you have floors that tend to get dirty easily, you can opt for a robotic vacuum cleaner which can be programmed to take care of your floors even while you are absent.
  • Your type of floor: If you use carpeting floor style in your home, a good pick will be the upright vacuum cleaner or certain models of canister cleaners, but if you use hard floors, the canister cleaner is certainly recommended.
    For those with a combination of both floors, ensure to consider specs such as height adjustability and suction control. Also, check if the brush roll of the machine you want to purchase is either powered by air or electricity.
  • Presence of allergens: If you or a member of your household has asthma or certain allergies, getting a vacuum cleaner that uses HEPA filtration is ideal as it helps to get rid of certain allergens as well as its odors.
  • Is your home on a single floor level or does it have stairs?: If your home has stairs, then you need to consider getting a cordless vacuum cleaner that’s lightweight and easy to maneuver. Also, consider the type of floors on each level and purchase a cleaner best suited for such surfaces.
  • Cleaning extra surfaces?: If you were cleaning curtains and furniture, you should buy a cleaner that comes with accessories. They have been mentioned earlier in this article, and they can be used to clean other surfaces in the home.
  • Level of operational noise: You might want to opt for a noiseless cleaner since it is for domestic use. The less heavy-duty a cleaner is, the less the noise it generates while at work. Vacuum manufacturers should also be considered too.
  • Level of maintenance required: This is an essential factor to be considered when buying a vacuum cleaner. You might decide to opt for bagless vacuums since they don’t require frequent disposal and replacement. Also, you might want to choose a cleaner that uses washable filters instead of replaceable ones.

A quick vacuum cleaner’s user guide

Safety Tips

  • Ensure the output voltage of your mains is equivalent to that of the appliance. Its voltage is visible on the data plate located at the bottom of the cleaner. This prevents damage to your cleaner
  • Do not leave your cleaner plugged in and unattended. Before you leave, ensure you switch the cleaner off and unplug it from the socket
  • It is not advisable to use your cleaner horizontally. Keep it upright when in use
  • Ensure you don’t use your cleaner outside the house or on wet floors
  • After use, store it out of the reach of children in the house
  • Avoid using a cleaner when its cord or plug has been damaged or if it has been dropped, vandalized, spilt, or left outside. Also, ensure you take it to for checking and servicing before you use it again
  • Handle the cleaner’s cord with care. Please do not use it to move the cleaner
  • Do not run the vacuum cleaner over the cord
  • Avoid bringing the cord close to hot surfaces
  • Avoid using the cord as a handle for the cleaner
  • Avoid closing the door on the cord
  • Do not move the cord around sharp objects
  • Avoid pulling the plug by the cord. Grab the plug instead and unplug
  • Avoid handling the plug with wet hands
  • Ensure all moving parts and openings of the cleaner is free of foreign objects such as hair, pieces of clothes, lint, or even hair
  • Avoid blocking any part or opening of the cleaner with any part of your body
  • Never sweep up burning objects such as smoldering ashes or glowering cigarettes
  • Avoid operating the cleaner without a dust bag or filter in place
  • Ensure all controls on the cleaner are switched off before unplugging the machine from its power source
  • If you want to attach or detach any accessory tools or a hose, switch off the appliance first
  • The plug should be held in place while rewinding into the cord reel, do not leave it dangling while rewinding.

How to unclog the hose of your vacuum cleaner

  • You can unclog your hose free of dirt and dust by pulling it off and placing its handle into the suction opening
  • Once the hose is placed there, switch on your cleaner, and the machine will suck out every dust and dirt clogging the hose
  • While unclogging your hose, ensure you do not place it into the suction area without its handle. Doing so will make the suction pressure bend the hose excessively leading to damage

How to empty and clean your dust compartment

  • If your vacuum cleaner’s suction power is diminishing, it is an indication that the dust compartment of your equipment is full and it needs to be emptied and cleaned immediately
  • Before you empty the compartment, you must switch off the cleaner and pull out the hose from the suction area
  • Take off the filter system (could be water filter or cloth filter system)
  • Clean off the dirt in the compartment
  • Replace the filter and reattach the hose to the dust compartment.

How to clean your vacuum cleaner

  • Pull out the fixing clamp on both sides of your cleaner. This will enable you to remove the main body and give you access to the motor inlet filter
  • To clean the motor inlet filter, remove the cover, grid, and dust filter and wash them
  • Dispose of the dirty water. Ensure the dust filter and its parts are washed and dried thoroughly
  • After that, remove the outlet plate and wash the outlet filters
  • Wash every part of the cleaner including the brush, hose, and the tube
  • Leave the washed parts to dry
  • When dried, accurately reassemble the parts as you dismembered them

The vacuum cleaner works with consistent optimum efficiency if all safety instructions and maintenance tips are strictly adhered to. Ensure you periodically clean and service your equipment to prevent subsequent damage and major breakdowns.

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10+ Drywall Alternatives for Your Walls Thu, 05 Nov 2020 17:07:36 +0000 Drywall AlternativesGet to know better choices for the interior wall of your home by checking out this list of alternatives to the drywall. Why use drywall if you can have better and more durable options? Most of today’s houses use drywalls to protect their interior walls. Although it’s inexpensive and easier to deal with than other […]]]> Drywall Alternatives

Get to know better choices for the interior wall of your home by checking out this list of alternatives to the drywall. Why use drywall if you can have better and more durable options? Most of today’s houses use drywalls to protect their interior walls.

Although it’s inexpensive and easier to deal with than other materials, drywall construction remains a challenging process involving taping, mudding and sanding. The last stage is particularly famous for the clouds of fine dust it produces.

Drywall creates a hollow sound when you bump it, and it doesn’t hold well to water damage or high-traffic spaces. It is fragile, easily damaged, and a prime breeding ground for mould and bacteria.

Taking a home improvement project is the perfect chance to rethink your choices for the interior walls of your home. Why Consider the options below for alternatives to drywall that look nice and hold up better.

1. Wood Planks

Wood planks are going to be an excellent choice for anybody who wants to get a rustic look. These wooden planks will be perfect for building a wall, and once they are hung, you won’t have to do anything to them. You will literally admire the natural appeal of the wood.

It is also a cost-effective option that is preferable to drywall if you want a rustic country-style home.


The wooden planks are pretty nice overall. You’re going to be able to install these without getting too much trouble. They’re not as easy to work with as some of the other options on this list, but they’re not going to be too hard to figure out. Wood boards are offering you a lot of options, also. You’ll be able to pick from a different variety of wood to get the look you want.


If you’re not interested in a down-home, country-style look with your new walls, you may not be so thrilled with wooden planks. They’re undeniably lovely, but they’re not going to fit if you’re interested in modern décor.

It also depends on what you want with the walls you are creating and your personal style. Think about it and determine whether or not wooden planks are excellent choices for your walls.

2. Plastic panels

The thoughts of using plastic panels may seem strange at first if you are not familiar with these alternatives to drywall.

The fact is, plastic panels are really really good for a few reasons. A lot of persons use these plastic wall panels to cover up the damaged drywall. It’s easy to hang, and it’s not going to take you a lot of time.

If you choose to purchase the tongue and groove panelling shown here, it may not be as cost-effective as possible. Even so, this is a fantastic choice if you need an alternative to drywall.


Plastic panelling is very easy to install, making it an easy to use drywall alternative. You can easily screw most of the plastic panels into place, and you’ll be able to cover the walls directly. You can place them right over the studs, so it’s pretty handy overall.

The plastic will also be easy to clean and will be mould resistant, making it ideal for rooms with a lot of moisture.


The most excellent plastic panels on the market are going to be a little more precious than many people would have liked. You can find more inexpensive options, but they are a little less desirable than the plastic tongue and groove wall panel shown here.

In some cases, there won’t be a significant price difference between plastic panelling and drywall, but plastic panels are definitely easier to mount.

3. Plywood

If you’re trying to create walls in your home as cheaply as possible, then you may want to start thinking of using plywood. It can be bought at an incredibly low price, and it’s pretty easy to work with.

This is the best materials to use when you don’t have a lot of experience constructing a wall. Everything you really need to do is screw the wall in place.


Plywood is easy to work with that you don’t have to be an expert builder to make use of it. Screwing the plywood into place is relatively easy. It’s a very cheap material that will save you time and money when you create walls. You can also paint the plywood if you want to make it look a little nicer.


This isn’t going to be as good to use as drywall. Drywall has some useful characteristics, such as being fire resistant and generally more natural.

Plywood is a decent choice, but it won’t be superior to drywall unless you really need to save money. It depends on your budget and your level of style when it comes to using this instead of drywall.

4. Plaster of veneer

To begin with, it’s a plaster, which means it’s added to a surface called a substrate. The most popular substrate used is a specially formulated gypsum board base similar to drywall.

Nowadays, much of the new building uses drywall.

Plaster veneer is suitable for the restoration of older homes with existing lath-and-plast walls. It’s much more straightforward, cheaper and quicker to knock on veneer plaster over existing walls that need work than to take down those walls and place them in drywall.

That means that in places where there are many older houses, plaster veneer is widely used and you will find professionals who are adept at applying plaster veneer.

Veneer plaster is possibly a much better surface for interior walls than drywall. Usually, it is applied to a plaster-ready gypsum surface. It’s stronger and smoother than the drywall. But it takes someone with excellent trowel skills to apply that skillfully.

It’s a nice choice for older walls in an older house, too. Instead of tearing out the walls, you may add plaster on top (you will need a bonding agent).

All-in-all, this is an excellent surface, but it’s more expensive than drywall alone.

5. Pegboards

Pegboard is probably not the first thing you’d think about when you’re trying to come up with alternatives to drywall. Actually, it could be a pretty good option to consider, though.

Pegboard is very easy to use, and you’ll be able to use it to add extra storage space to your home. People also use pegboard walls in garages to make space for their tools to hang.

Everything you really need to do is fasten the pegboard to the studs. You’re not going to have to do some complex finishing process either. You only need to screw it where it needs to go, and then you’ll be able to make use of it.

Of course, this choice doesn’t give you a lot of visual types to choose from, but you probably won’t want to use the pegboard inside your home anyway.


It’s straightforward to mount because all you need to do is screw it in. Find the studs in your wall and place the pegboard correctly.

You’re not going to have any trouble seeing where you need to position the screws. You’re going to be able to fasten the pegboard to the wall, and you’re all going to be done with your job.

Using a pegboard is perfect if you have a garage area or some other sort of workshop area. Places, where you can hang tools, can be handy pegs. It’s a unique choice that gives you some usefulness outside of being a drywall substitute.

This is certainly something that needs to be considered in some cases.


This drywall solution is only really attractive in specific circumstances. For example, you won’t want to put a pegboard wall in your living room. You could decide to use pegboard walls anywhere you like, but it wouldn’t look natural in most settings.

The visual appeal of the pegboard is minimal, making it a choice that is only practical in the garage or workshop environment.

6. Lath and Plastic

If you choose to use an older way to create your walls, it can be utilised as an option instead of drywall. Lath and plaster used to be a very prevalent choice for building walls prior to the advent of drywall.

This is not the easiest option for DIYers, but you can build a very nice wall successful, and it’ll even be convenient to install the insulation for as long as you plan ahead.

The overall look that can be done with lath and plaster walls is impressive, too. If you want to build a wall that looks so good in your house, then this is something you should consider.

It’s not more straightforward to use than drywall, though. If you are looking for an alternative to drywall to remove the hassle, you should immediately disregard this choice.


Lath and plaster can be used to create a really good wall. It’s going to look very good, and you’re going to be able to add insulation without too much trouble. This choice will build a wall just as easily as you will be able to do when using drywall. It’s just a long process.


It takes too long for most people to create a wall using this process. It’s not going to be the most realistic way to do stuff when you’re trying to save yourself time and money. This is a process that has become somewhat rare in the drywall era. It’s still a choice to consider, but it’s too complicated for most people to want to use.

7. Wahoo Walls

Wahoo Walls is a do-it-yourself wall product that is typically used for basement finishing. It is made of non-organic materials and has an expanded polystyrene heart. The 4′′ thick wall panel of Wahoo weighs 95 lbs. And it has a total R-value of 13. Plus, it’s waterproof and doesn’t support mould growth.

8. Textured wall panels

The elegant walls that used to be found only in luxury hotels and fancy cocktail lounges are now a wall covering choice for your home. These are easy-to-install 3D textured panels that stretch across existing walls and are 3/4′′ to 1 1/2′′ thick.

9. Basement Wall Finishing Device

These are pre-designed or pre-cut wall panels that are sold as part of the proprietary basement finishing system. They are moisture-resistant but can also be costly and can not be mounted by a DIYer.

Basement finishing systems particularly focused on the part of the “system.” They use construction materials specially designed for basements to withstand moisture.

None or nothing in these finishing systems is from scratch; almost everything is pre-designed and in some cases even pre-cut.

10. Brick & Masonry

Whether painted or left exposed, a stone or brick wall adds character to space and enhances the value of your house and increases your property value. This can be an expensive alternative, but stone and brickwork are built to last and sustainable materials.

11. Cement board

Cement boards are sheets or horizontal panels made of cement and cellulose-containing fibres. They are very heavy and need two people to be lifted and relocated.

They are also moisture-resistant, but they are better used in areas with high humidity levels. Cement boards are thicker and better than drywalls. They are also a little more precious, but the advantages of this material can be very attractive, particularly for those living in high humidity areas, since they are water, moisture and moisture resistant.

The panels will come in various sizes, colours and styles, giving you all sorts of design choices. Panel one wall in a room, a whole stairwell, or a whole room, it’s all up to your style and taste, and no matter what, it’s a perfect alternative to drywall.

12. Lath and Woodchip-Clay

It’s a blend of a lath frame with bark-free wood chips and clay. This alternative is the best solution for reducing noise and a safer substitute for conventional laths and plaster.

Lath and plaster used to be a more time-consuming wall surface to install, but over time, the method has improved and is now a faster and easier wall to install, making it a pleasant alternative to drywall.

The device includes wooden slats to run horizontally through the region called lath, providing a foundation for the wall framework. The contractor then uses gypsum plaster, which is employed all over the lath, moving it into crevice and cracks. The plastic is a bonding agent called the key.

Then another layer is added all over to create the actual surface of the wall. Usually, it may take fine-tuning, meaning more plaster will need to be added here and there in order to achieve the exact look you want.

This is a costly job, and it is not really a DIY project, but one that should be left to a professional contractor familiar with this form of method.

13. Fiberglass reinforced panels,

Made of strong polyester resin reinforced with fibreglass, these thin, flexible plastic panels have a sturdy, scratch-resistant surface. It also has the distinction of being stronger than a lot of other materials.

It is lightweight and highly malleable, which means it can be easily shaped into various shapes. The panels are easy to clean and are resistant to mould, bacteria and other potentially harmful biological agents.

14. Fibreglass mat gypsum panels

This alternative is a non-combustible, mould-resistant interior panel that is much more durable than standard drywall. It also provides a white drywall look if that’s what you’re looking for.

15. Cork Wall The Wall

Corkboard has always been a popular commodity for a variety of reasons. Most people equate the corkboard organising. Typically, this form of organisation is found in an office environment, or maybe a school, where messages can pin to them and keep track of them.

Ok, you can get rid of dull drywall and use corkboard instead. There’s a great choice of types, hues, thicknesses, and more. Corkboard can be used in any space to build a beautifully textured wall that looks elegant, as well as helping to warm up the room and making the wall really stand out.

16. Exposed concrete block

You can forego any of the above choices and only leave the structural surface exposed. Depending on your sense of style, the exposed concrete block will look fantastic.

Concrete is one of the architectural ideas most used in industrial-style houses. You may think of a concrete wall as a cold, masculine look, and it may be, of course, but it depends on the choice of design of the concrete used for the walls.

It can also be a very warm and welcoming look for any room in the building, particularly due to the variations in the colours, designs and sizes of the concrete blocks used.

Concrete walls coupled with concrete floors, industrial furniture parts, among other design elements, and you can create a beautiful look for any room in your house.

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14 Models Who Change the Standards of Traditional Beauty Thu, 05 Nov 2020 12:48:05 +0000 modelsBeauty they say is in the eyes of the beholder. However, our standard of “beautiful” defer and it is very subjective. The modern modelling world, fortunately, is on the path of understanding that a glowing face, skinny body and “Mary Kay” smile aren’t standards for measuring beauty. Trend change has a significant influence on “ordinary […]]]> models

Beauty they say is in the eyes of the beholder. However, our standard of “beautiful” defer and it is very subjective. The modern modelling world, fortunately, is on the path of understanding that a glowing face, skinny body and “Mary Kay” smile aren’t standards for measuring beauty.

Trend change has a significant influence on “ordinary girls” by encouraging them to accept who they really are and appreciate how they look.

Luckily for us, some models are already setting records on and off the runway,-despite their flaws. This article is a collection of some of them;

14. Thando Hopa

Asides being a lawyer, Thando is an African lawyer. She’s an albino and an African, but that doesn’t stop her from pursuing her career in modelling.

13. Anna Marinich

Anna Marinich

Alopecia a common condition that makes a person lose some or all part of their hair and it affects a number of people, and one of those is Anna. She’s had it since childhood, but that doesn’t stop her from breaking the norm.

Her portraits were displayed in a photo project dedicated to people with different features last year. This was her first professional work, and it boosted her career.

12. Kate Grant

Kate Grant

Kate the record for being the first girl ever with Down Syndrome to win an international beauty competition.

The teenager who is from Northern Ireland was selected as the best in the “teenager category.” Kate has always been interested in fashion since she was 13, and she’s had the support of her parents despite her condition.

They’ve even gone as far as arranging interviews with some modelling agencies but got turned down each time. Now Kate Grant has finally gotten her wish, and she’s doing a great job.

11. Tamy Glauser

Tamy Glauser

Tamy started her modelling career a bit too late, – at least according to modelling standard. She started when she was 27 years old, and she’s done some fashion shows as well as photo shoots. Due to her androgynous look, she’s been featured in some men’s magazines such as Numéro Homme and others.

10. Slick Woods

Slick Woods

Slick has had her fair share of being bullied as a child. She was labelled an ugly duckling because of her short hair and the GAO between her upper front teeth.

She’s a successful model today because she didn’t let who they say she was, hold her down. She also has Rihanna’s attention and support. Report also has it that Kanye West inspired her to open an Instagram profile.

9. Velvet D’amour

Velvet D’amour

Velvet D’amour surprisingly weighs 299 lbs, and for a model, that’s a lot. She has worked with Jean Paul Gaultier, Vogue, and John Galliano.

8. April Star

April Star

Little April was just six years old when she was diagnosed with vitiligo. This news wrecked her self esteem in the worst way. Amazingly, her parents were always there to support and encourage her.

They were there to push and make sure she made a career out of what she believed in, and that push led her to get an invitation for a show in the United States, “The Real”, and there she met Winnie Harlow who later became her role model.

Now, April is taking part in several photo shoots for very popular magazines, and her Instagram page is something you need to look forward to.

7. Marian Avila

Marian Avila

Miss Avila is the first Spaniard model with Down syndrome. She’s long had a dream of being a part of New York Fashion Week, and guess what, her dream happened.

She gained recognition when a model showed Talisha White a post made by Marian on Instagram. Talisha got in touch with Marian, and the rest is history. Miss Avila currently works with Harper’s Bazaar and Vogue.

6. Tess McMillan

Tess studied for two years at an acting school with the hope of being an actress someday. But the Texan got a shot at modelling after a photoshoot with “”, that was it.

She has had works with brands like JCPenney and Zalando. She also had a photo shoot with British Vogue and was part of Marc Jacobs’ advertising campaign.

5. Issa Lish

Issa Lish

Issa Lish’s origin is very peculiar: she’s half Mexican and half Japanese. Interesting isn’t it? Her Instagram page is something to look out for because it welcomes you directly into her world.

4. Aleec Wilson

Aleec Wilson

Alice’s face is naturally decorated with freckles. However, this isn’t the only unique character about this beauty. She’s blessed with brown eyes and is in the habit of wearing one blue contact lens. This is her effort to prove that beauty is seen all imperfections.

3. Jazelle Zanotti

Miss Zanotti has a thing for bright makeup. Her closeness with Die Antwoord can probably explain her unusual looks.

2. Serafima Solovyova

Serafima is a living proof that feminist shouldn’t be limited to whether or not you have hair. She rocks her hairless head with pride.

1. Sophia Hadjipanteli

Sophia Hadjipanteli

Sophia is from Greece, and she prefers to paint her eyebrows black. This makes the brows look more highlighted. She took part in photoshoots where she was Frida Kahlo. Frida Khalo also had eyebrows as distinct as Sophia’s.

Whose appearance do you think inspires you the most? What models do you think should be on the list? Share your thoughts in the comments.

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