Common Drugs and their Actions on the Body

Drug use and abuse seems to be everywhere – in homes, parking lots, nightclubs, and even in learning institutions. Drug rehab agencies are trying to reach out to the addicts to help them out, but at times, the message isn’t delivered the right way. Here is a quick update of some common drugs, and how they affect the addict.


This is one of the oldest, most widespread drug that causes a persistent drug problem. Many American adults abuse alcohol frequently. This is because alcohol is easy to acquire, appealing, addictive, and dangerous.

The length of time alcohol stays in the depends with the body’s blood alcohol concentration (BAC). Alcohol overdose becomes possible when the BAC reaches 0.28. However, this depends on the age, gender, body weight, and how long the victim has been drinking.

Alcohol is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream, but it takes a longer time for the body to get rid of. Binge drinking increases the blood alcohol levels within a short time, and the effects can overwhelm the body, sedating critical areas of the brain. This can lead to an overdose.


Known by various names, this drug has over 400 chemicals, the major one being Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). A typical “joint” contains up to 8 percent TCH, but this can be as high as 30 percent in some joints.

THC is fat soluble, and will stay a long time in the system because it can be easily stored in the fat cells of the body. Marijuana cannot kill like an alcohol binge, but can lead to high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure or obesity, which are can be lethal. Frequent use can also lead to addiction, which can be destructive.

Prescription Drugs

These have bypassed other drugs to become the most abused drugs in the nation. Such drugs include painkillers, sedatives, and stimulants. Although they can be safe and efficient when used as per instructions, misuse is illegal and can lead to dangerous side effects such as addiction and fatal health risks.

Dangerous results are not only due to overdose, but also the mode of intake. Individuals who mix the medicine or take them via a different route than the one intended.


The effects of cocaine usually go beyond the first “hit.” The action of cocaine on the body depends on the dosage, the tolerance, the method of administration and the individual’s body metabolism. For instance, 20 mg of intravenous cocaine can stay in the system for up to 36 hours.

Cocaine comes with another risk, whereby a first-timer can be overdosed with the first try. Studies show that this drug is responsible for more emergency room cases than any other illegal drug.


Final Thoughts

One of the ways to help drug addicts and family members is to take the word about drugs to them the right way. The Web is full of resources that help outline the risks of drug use and encourage healthy living.

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