Adolf Hitler Biography

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler, popularly known as “Der F&hrer” which is German for “The Leader.” Adolf Hitler is a popular man in history because his antisemitism pushed him into strategizing the most gruesome war in history – The Second World War.

Adolf Hitler was a German dictator who persuasively coerced the extreme nationalistic, racist, and anti-Semitic Nazi party and while he was in the office of chancellor-president in Germany (1933 – 1945) and he was arguably one of the most influential leaders in the twentieth century, and he is still is.

He is responsible for the deaths of nearly six million Jews. Hitler, aged 56 years, committed suicide with his wife on April 30, 1945; By shooting himself with his gun.

Personal details of Adolf Hitler

  • Birthdate: April 20, 1889
  • Birthplace: Braunau, Austria
  • Death date: April 30, 1945 (aged 56)
  • Death place: Berlin, Germany
  • Spouse: Eva Braun
  • Offices Assumed While Alive: F&hrer, Germany (1934-1945), Chancellor, Germany (1933-1945)
  • Political Association: Nazi Party

Some of the works Aldolf Hitler was associated with include the following:

  • Mein Kampf
  • role in world war II
  • world war I
  • holocaust
  • operation Barbarossa
  • Nazism
  • First Battle Of Ypres
  • Beer Hall Putsch
  • Munich Agreement
  • T4 Program
  • German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact

Awards and Honors

  • Iron Cross (1918)
  • Iron Cross (1914)

Adolf Hilter: Early Life, Family, and Education

Adolf Hitler, born as the fourth child to a Christian couple – Alios Hitler and his third wife Klara Polzl, on April 20, 1898, in a town in Austria-Hungary (now Austria) known as Braunau am Inn.

Adolphus Hitler was raised in a large house with many siblings, including half-siblings. His family moved out of his birthplace to Germany when he was only three years old. In Germany, he got to learn the lower Bavarian dialect rather than Austrian-Germany.

Again, Hitler’s father moved his family to Austria, where Hitler schooled in a state-owned primary school in a town Fischlham. Hitler’s father was known to have been very strict and had beaten Hitler up on countless occasions.

In 1897, Hitler’s father moved his family again to Lambach after Hatfield – a place where Hitler’s father farmed and kept bees recorded to have failed. In 1898, his family moved to Leonding for good, unfortunately, in the 1900s, Hitler lost his younger brother to measles.

Hitler defiled his father’s wish of him following his footsteps in becoming successful in the customs bureau because Hitler wanted to be an artist rather.

Following the unfortunate incident of Hitler’s father’s death in 1903, he performed poorly in school, and his mother let him withdraw from the school.

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In September 1904, Hitler decided to get enrolled at Realschule in Steyr, and his academic performance remarkably improved. After that, Hitler passed his final examination even though he was repeating it and left high school without completing it.

In 1907, it was recorded that Hitler tried to get enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna to study Fine Arts but got rejected two times. On the two “rejection” encounter, Hitler was advised to apply to the School of Architecture, but he would if he could, but he did not complete his senior high school education.

Another tragedy struck, when on the unfortunate day of 21st December 1907,  Hitler lost his mother to breast cancer, and by 1909, Hitler was bankrupt. At age 20, he was forced to live in homeless shelters and a men’s dormitory while he lived a life of loneliness and isolation for some years. However, by selling his paintings in Vienna, he was able to survive.

When Hitler was in Vienna, he claimed in his book – Mein Kampf that he became anti-Semitic after he moved to Vienna while his friend August Kubizek who claimed that Hitler was already anti-Semitic even before he left Linz.

Following Alios’s (Hitler’s father) death, he left enough pension and savings to support his wife and children. Hitler, later in life, exhibited traits of loneliness and secretiveness, that was as a result of his precarious living in Vienna.

Although he was once classified unfit to serve in the military because he lacked physical strength, Hitler was later allowed to serve in the military when the first World War broke out.

After eight weeks of training, Hitler was sent to Belgium to fight in the First Battle of Ypres. In October 1916, he was severely wounded and gassed that he was hospitalized when the war ended.

Before the war ended, he was regularly on the front line of battle as a headquarters runner. Because of his brave actions, he was awarded in December 1914, with the Iron Cross, Second Class, and the Iron Cross, First Class (a rare decoration for a corporal), in August 1918.

He loved being a soldier and serving in the military; he felt like he was in the right place because he was enthusiastic in war but felt aimless when he was a civilian. He found out that the military gave him the discipline and comradery that he needed, and he found it satisfying.

Adolf Hitler: Personal Life

After defiling his orders to follow his footsteps to be a customs office, Hitler dedicated his whole life to his nation and his political mission. In 1929, Hitler fell in love with a lady called Eva Braun on 29 April 1945; he married her; However, the day he married her was the day before they committed suicide by shooting themselves.

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Geli Raubal, Hitler’s half-niece, committed suicide with Hitler’s gun In September 1931. This incident happened in Hitler’s Munich apartment, and it got people talking and spreading rumors that Hitler and his half-niece might have been in some kind of romantic relationship.

People also suggested that her suicide could be a result of deep unending sorrow and pain; for weeks, Hitler was so sad and depressed. In 1960, Paula Hitler, Hitler’s immediate younger sister, the last living member of Hitler’s family, died.

Rise to power

Hitler was not born in power; he gradually toiled until he got himself there.In the 1930s, the world’s economy was in shambles, while many suffer from, few benefit from this.

However, with Hitler’s smartness and opportunistic nature, his luck concerning his movements increased speedily. The poles recorded almost 6.6 million votes in favor of Hitler in the election in 1930. This gained significant popularity for the Nazi party in Germany.

In November 1932, President Hindenburg (1847–1934) was reluctant to call Hitler to be chancellor to lead an alliance government of Nazis, conservative nationalists of Germany, and many other outstanding independents.

His first two years in office were almost totally Devoted to balancing power. He smartly surrounded himself with many prominent Nazis in essential positions and his military ally Werner von Blomberg in the Defense Ministry, that was how he easily and quickly obtained effective control.

Hitler was swift in eliminating all of his political rivals, thereby bringing all levels of government and the major political establishment under him.

In August 1934, The death of President Hindenburg made way for Hitler to eliminate the office of the president, and by so doing, Hitler became both F&hrer and Chancellor (all-powerful ruler) of Germany, the head of state and the commander in chief of the armed forces.

This was the beginning of his dictatorship. Likewise, Hitler’s movements were so massive because of how brilliant he expressed his rule; thus, the great Nazi mass rally in 1934, which took place in Nuremberg, Germany, – millions came out in support of Hitler.

World War II

Second World War, one of the most gruesome wars in history, was conceived, strategized, and carried out by Adolf Hitler.

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In 1939, Hitler started the Second World War with his mission to conquer Europe. Because he was anti-Semitic and racist, destroying and crushing the Polish elite and Jews at the immediate Poland invasion and the start of German colonization.

France and England declared war on Germany after invading Poland and trying to colonize Europe. With Germany’s alliance with Japan and Italy, Denmark was the first to surrender, followed by Norway, and soon, France and some other low countries were defeated. England held Germany off for a long time, even though they suffered grave losses before they almost collapsed.

Hitler was ready to expand, he moved on to Russia for the creation of racial supremacy, but fortunately for the Russians and unfortunately for Germany, severe  Russian winter stopped the German troops, and their three groups were important goals; Leningrad, Moscow, and Stalingrad.

This was a significant set back for the Germany troops, but a year after, Allied forces of America, England, and Russia started in Germany to fight back.

German defeat

Germany’s war efforts started collapsing, and Hitler was forced to withdrew almost totally from the public. He became paranoid and stopped listening to his military counselors while suspecting betrayal from everybody.

He hurriedly sent men, young boys, and even old men without totally equipping them with the necessary training and arms but with the slogan “Total Victory or Total Ruin.” This was Hitler’s downfall as all his plans failed woefully, and his reign of terror was cut short.

During his last days, he was highly desperate and frustrated that he ordered Germany to be destroyed. This almost drove him to the point of psychological ruin.

On April 30, 1945, Adolf Hitler committed suicide by shooting himself with his gun, However, his wife, whom he married the day before, also joined him in committing suicide leaving behind a legacy terror and tears which we study in history in this modern time.

Emmanuella Ekokotu
Ekokotu Emmanuella is a sociologist and Anthropologist, writer, and fashion model who lives in Benin city, Edo state,Nigeria.